Available on the App Store
Get it on Google Play

Transcript 1
Transcript 2
Lesson
Quiz 1
Quiz 2

Uses of Estar



Mouse-over Spanish text fragments in red to see English translation
As a general rule, use the verb "estar" for temporary things, things that are valid for a period of time.

1.- Location - use the verb "estar" in order to talk about the location of places or where someone or something is located.

Londres está en Inglaterra.
London is in England.

Los padres de Alberto están de vacaciones en Australia.
Alberto's parents are on vacation in Australia.

El vestido rojo que buscas está en el armario.
The red dress you are looking for is in the closet.

2.- Dates and Seasons - When telling the date with the verb "estar" always use the preposition "a" after the verb. When talking about the seasons of the year, use the verb "estar" followed by the preposition "en". Don't use the verb "estar" to tell the time.

Estamos a jueves.
It's Thursday.

Estamos en primavera.
It's Spring time.

Hoy estamos a lunes 8 de junio.
Today is Monday, June, 8th.

3.- Appearance - the verb "estar" is used to talk about the physical appearance of someone or something.

La madre de Marcos está muy delgada y morena.
Marcos' mother is very thin and tanned.

La calle está muy oscura.
The street is very dark.

Mi coche está muy sucio.
My car is very dirty.

4.- Physical condition - use the verb "estar" to talk about the physical condition of people. Remember that this physical condition must be temporary.

El hijo de Paula está muy delgado. Debe comer más.
Paula's son is too slim. He should eat more.

A pesar de su edad, mi abuela todavía está en plena forma.
Despite of her age, my grandmother is still in a really good shape.

El café que me tomé esta mañana estaba muy caliente y me quemé la lengua.
The coffee I had this morning was too hot and I burnt my tongue.

5.- Feelings and Emotions - use the verb "estar" to talk about the feelings and emotions of somebody.

Mi padre está muy triste porque se le ha muerto el canario.
My father is very sad because his canary has died.

José está preocupado porque ha suspendido sus exámenes. Jose is worried because he's failed his exams.

Nosotros estamos muy contentos por tu nominación al premio como "Médico del Año".
We are very happy about your nomination for the "Doctor of the Year" award.

6.- Weather - use the verb "estar" to talk about specific weather phenomena such as rain, snow, thunderstorms, hails and clouds. Don't use the verb "estar" to talk about heat, cold, wind, or to express good/bad weather in general. Use the verb "hacer" instead.

Es peligroso salir a la calle hoy. Está granizando.
It's dangerous to go out today. It's hailing.

Las carreteras están cortadas porque está nevando.
The roads are blocked because it is snowing.

El cielo está muy nublado. Va a llover.
The sky is very cloudy. It's going to rain.

7.- Progressive tenses - use the verb "estar" followed by the gerund to form the progressive tenses.

La hija de Carla está creciendo muy rápido.
Carla's daughter is growing up quickly.

Estamos yendo para casa de mis abuelos.
We're going to my granparent's place.

Carlos está comprando comida en el supermercado.
Carlos is buying food at the supermarket.