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Uses of the preposition POR - Part II



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This week we continue with the uses of the preposition por. The following are the last five uses of this preposition.

Uses of Por

6.- For a period of time - use the preposition por when you want to express the duration of an event or thing in time.

Estaré aquí por ocho horas
I will be here for eight hours

Estuvimos esperando el autobús por más de media hora
We were waiting for the bus for more than half an hour

Viajaremos a Cuba por tres semanas
We will travel to Cuba for three weeks

7.- For the sake of, supporting or in favor of - use the preposition por when explaining the reason of why somebody does something.

Lo hago por mi familia
I do it for the sake of my family

Estudió medicina por su padre
He studied medicine for his father

Los estudiantes se manifiestan por la reforma educativa
Students demonstrate in favor of the educational reform

8.- Because of, due to - use the preposition por when explaining the cause of a problem.

Estoy nerviosa por el examen de mañana
I\'m nervous because of tomorrow\'s test

No pudimos llegar a tiempo por culpa de la lluvia
We couldn\'t get there on time due to the rain

Perdimos el partido por tu culpa
We lost the game because of you

9.- Meaning "per" - use the preposition por when expressing percentages, ratios or measurements.

Las ventas de coches han subido un veinte por ciento este mes
Car sales have increased by twenty percent this month

La policía le paró por conducir a más de 140 kilómetros por hora
The police stopped him because he was driving at more than 140 kilometeres per hour

Echa una cucharada de leche en polvo por cada vaso de agua
Stir one spoonful of powder milk for each cup of water

10.- Introducing the agent of an action in a passive sentence - use the preposition por in passive sentences before the agent of an action which is the subject in the active sentence.

Los ladrones fueron detenidos por la policía
The theaves were arrested by the police

Las cosechas fueron arruinadas por las langostas
The crops were ruined by locusts

La ciudad fue destruida por un terremoto
The city was destroyed by an earthquake