Available on the App Store
Get it on Google Play

Transcript 1
Transcript 2
Lesson
Quiz 1
Quiz 2
Quiz 3

Muy and Mucho



Mouse-over Spanish text fragments in red to see English translation
MUY is an adverb used to express quantity. It modifies either an adjective or another adverb and it's placed in front of these.

MUY + adjective, adverb


Examples:

Los pantalones que lleva Mario son muy grandes.
The pants Mario is wearing are too big.

Se enfada muy fácilmente.
He gets angry very easily.

Hemos llegado muy pronto a la fiesta.
We've arrived to the party very soon.

¡Cuidado! El café está muy caliente.
Watch out! The coffee is very hot.


MUCHO can be either an adjective, an adverb, or a pronoun, and as muy, it is also used to express quantity.

I. When it's an adjective, it can only modify nouns. Hence, it can never be used before an adverb or another adjective. Since it is an adjective, it has masculine, feminine, singular and plural forms.

MUCHO/A/OS/AS + noun


Examples:

Mi padre tiene mucho dinero.
My father has a lot of money.

En el zoo, hay muchos animals.
There are lots of animals in the zoo.

He comprado mucha ropa y ahora no tengo sitio en mi armario para guardarla.
I've bought a lot of clothes and now I don't have enough room in my closet to storage all of it.

Este mes tenemos muchas fiestas de cumpleaños a las que asistir.
We have a lot of birthday parties to go to this month.


II. When it's an adverb, it modifies verbs. It is normally placed after the verb and used in the singular masculine form.

verb + MUCHO


Examples:

Hemos comido mucho. ¡Estoy lleno!
We ate a lot. I'm full!

Hace mucho (tiempo) que llevo esperándote.
I have been waiting for you for a long time.

Vamos mucho a jugar a tenis.
We go to play tennis quite often.


III. When it's a pronoun, it doesn't modify any other word, it just acts by itself. It can act as the subject of the sentence; if so, it's always used in the plural form. Or it can replace mucho/a/os/as + noun when the noun has been previously mentioned in the sentence. In this case, it can be found in the masculine, feminine, singular and/or plural form.

MUCHOS (de nosotros/vosotros/ellos)

MUCHO/A/OS/AS


Examples:

Muchos fueron a la manifestación en contra de la guerra.
Many people went to the demonstration against war.

No quiero más verduras. ¡Ya tengo muchas (verduras)!
I don't want anymore vegetables. I already have a lot!