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Orthography of Porque, Por que, Por qué, and Porqué



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Porque, Por que, Por qué, Porqué

Porque is a conjunction that is used to introduce causal and final sentences.

El suelo está pegajoso porque se me ha caído una botella de soda.
The floor is sticky because I dropped a bottle of soda.

Los activistas protestan porque no mueran más animales en los laboratorios.
Activists protest so no more animals die in labs.

Other conjunctions that can replace porque in causal and final sentences are:

Causal: como, ya que, puesto que, pues
Final: para que, a fin de que

Por que

Por que is a sequence of two words:

I. Either the preposition por and the relative pronoun que. It is normaly used with the pronouns lo, la, los, las that refer to the direct object of the main sentence, but they are optional.

Esa fue la casa por (la) que pagaron una millonada.
That was the house for which they paid a lot of money.

II. Or the preposition por and the subordinate conjunction que. It's different from porque because there's no causal value and usually the preposition por is required by a precedent verb, noun, or adjective.

Me inclino por que va a ganar las elecciones el partido demócrata.
I think the democrat party is going to win the elections.

Por qué is a sequence of two words, the preposition por and the interrogative/exclamative pronoun qué. It is used always in questions and exclamations. The word motivo (reason, cause, purpose) is implied in the question/exclamation.

¿Por qué (motivo) has comprado más ropa si tienes demasiada?
Why did you buy more clothes if you already have too many?

Pregúntale a Javier por qué (motivo) no vino a la fiesta.
Ask Javier why he didn't come to the party.

¡Por qué (motivo) iría a esa fiesta! ¡Marcos seguro que está allí!
Why would I go to that party! I'm sure Marcos is there!

Porqué is a noun that means "la razón (the reason)". It can be preceeded by articles, it has a plural form (porqués) and it can be followed by the preposition "de" if an explanation of the reason is given.

Nunca me explicó el porqué de su enfado.
He never told me the reason why he got mad.

Esos porqués no me acaban de convencer.
Those reasons don't really convince me.