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Course Introduction

1. Nouns & Articles

2. Ser & Estar

3. Nouns & Adjectives

4. Regular Verbs

5. Ser/Estar (Past Tense)

6. Core Irregular Verbs (Present & Past)

7. Imperfect

8. Adverbs

9. Prepositions

10. Stem-changing Verbs - Part 1

11. Stem-changing Verbs - Part 2

12. Imperfect vs. Preterite

13. Syntax: Objects Overview

14. Past Participles & Present Perfect

15. Irregular and Go-verbs (Present)

16. Verbs with Irregular Yo-forms (Past)

17. Direct Object Pronouns

18. Indirect Object Pronouns, Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns Together

19. Reflexive Verbs

20. Verbs like Gustar

21. Present & Past Progressive

22. Past Perfect & Infinitive Constructions

23. Future Simple

24. Conditional

25. The Imperative

Episode #4

Regular Verbs (Present/Past)

I. Intro: Regular vs. Irregular verbs

Ready to maximize your comprehension in a really big way? In this lesson, we’re going to cover regular verbs in the present and past tenses.

The two verbs we have learned so far, ser & estar, are irregular verbs. What does irregular mean? Basically, that their conjugation patterns are unique and there aren’t really any other verbs that have the same forms.

Soy, eres, es, somos, son. Estoy, estás, está, estamos, están.

In the grand scheme of things, while important and fundamental in Spanish, irregular verbs only represent a fraction of all verbs. So for now, keep the irregular forms of ser & estar in your mind, but slide them onto the back burner for this lesson. We’re about to brush up on regular verbs!

II. Grammar: Regular verbs: Present tense

Conjugating verbs in English is easy. In the present tense, all verbs, regular and irregular, conjugate the same way: You use the infinitive or base form, except for the 3rd person singular (he/she/it), where you add an -s or -es. Apart from that, we add nothing to the verb.

TO TALK

I talk, you talk, he/she/it talks, we talk, you talk, they talk

Infinitive: To talk

Singular

Plural

1st person

I talk We talk

2nd person

You talk You talk

3rd person

He/she/it talks They talk

In Spanish, you take the infinitive verb form, which always ends in either -ar, -er, or -ir, drop those last two letters, and add the following endings:

AR verbs: -o, -as, -a, -amos, -an
ER verbs: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -en
IR verbs: -o, -es, -e, -imos, -en

Español

Singular

Plural

1st persona

-o -amos, -emos, -imos

2nd persona

-as, -es -áis, -éis**

3rd persona

-a, -e -an, -en


HABLAR: hablo, hablas, habla, hablamos, habláis*, hablan
PREPARAR: preparo, preparas, prepara, preparamos, preparáis*, preparan

COMER: como, comes, come, comemos, coméis*, comen
APRENDER: aprendo, aprendes, aprende, aprendemos, aprendéis*, aprenden

VIVIR: vivo, vives, vive, vivimos, vivís*, viven
ESCRIBIR: escribo, escribes, escribe, escribimos, escribís*, escriben

*Primarily used in Spain, other varieties of Spanish use ustedes

III. Grammar: Regular verbs: Past tense (preterite)

Past tense, same story. We take the infinitive verb form, which always ends in either -ar, -er, or -ir, drop those last two letters and add the following endings:

AR: -é, -aste, -ó, -amos, -asteis, -aron
ER & IR: -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -teis, -ieron

Singular

Plural

1st persona

-é, -í -amos, -imos

2nd persona

-aste, -iste -asteis, -isteis*

3rd persona

-o, -ió -aron, -ieron

HABLAR: hablé, hablaste, habló, hablamos, hablasteis*, hablaron
PREPARAR: preparé, preparaste, preparó, preparamos, preparasteis*, prepararon

COMER: comí, comiste, comió, comimos, comisteis*, comieron
APRENDER: aprendí, aprendiste, aprendió, aprendimos, aprendisteis*, aprendieron

VIVIR: viví, viviste, vivió, vivimos, vivisteis*, vivieron
ESCRIBIR: escribí, escribiste, escribió, escribimos, escribisteis*, escribieron

*Primarily used in Spain, other varieties of Spanish use ustedes

Notes:
  • For -AR verbs, the nosotros (-amos) conjugated form is identical for both present and past tense. (We speak and we spoke are represented by the same word = hablamos)
  • -ER and -IR verbs use identical endings in the past tense.

IV. Grammar: Review: Present + Past together

AR verbs

  • Present: o, as, a, amos, áis*, an
  • Past: é, aste, ó, amos, asteis*, aron

ER verbs

  • Present: o, es, e, emos, éis*, en
  • Past: í, iste, ió, imos, isteis*, ieron

IR verbs

  • Present: o, es, e, imos, ís*, en
  • Past: í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron

HABLAR

Singular

Plural

1st persona

Hablo, hablé Hablamos, hablamos

2nd persona

Hablas, hablaste Habláis, hablasteis*

3rd persona

Habla, habló Hablan, hablaron

COMER

Singular

Plural

1st persona

Como, comí Comemos, comimos

2nd persona

Comes, comiste Coméis,comisteis*

3rd persona

Come, comió Comen, comieron

VIVIR

Singular

Plural

1st persona

Vivo, viví Vivimos, vivimos

2nd persona

Vives, viviste Vivís, vivisteis*

3rd persona

Vive, vivió Viven, vivieron


*Primarily used in Spain, other varieties of Spanish use ustedes

The takeaway: The conjugation of regular verbs follow a pattern and constitute about 80% of all verbs in Spanish.